There are four types of POA: durable power of attorney, general power of attorney, special (or limited) power of attorney, and springing durable power of attorney.
Durable Power of Attorney
A durable power of attorney is the sort most often talked about. It is “durable” because it grants another person the legal right to make decisions in the event of your own incapacitation.
General Power of Attorney
A general POA provides wide-ranging legal powers to the person named by the principal, but loses effect in the event of incapacitation. This is a document you might draft if you wanted to give someone else permission to sell your house or make other legal decisions for you.
Special (or Limited) Power of Attorney
This document grants limited legal powers to another individual, in order for them to make specific decisions on your behalf.
Springing Power of Attorney
This document “springs” into effect when a certain event takes place, for example, incapacitation. This document does not go into effect until triggered by a specific event, unlike a durable power of attorney, which goes into effect the moment the document is signed.